What menopause symptoms might I experience?
Menopause isn’t a sudden change. It’s a transition that takes place over time. In fact, you might experience symptoms for years before your final menstrual period, as the levels of ovarian hormones in your body continue to change. These estrogen levels decline in an uneven fashion, and can sometimes actually be higher than when you were younger.1
The lowered levels of estrogen and progesterone that bring on menopause can also cause symptoms including irregular periods and hot flashes.1 Some women will experience few or mild menopause symptoms, while others may find their symptoms to be uncomfortable and even unbearable, even though they are perfectly normal. Common signs of menopause include:2,3
Changes in your menstrual cycleAbout 90% of women go through between four and eight years of cycle changes before periods stop.
Vasomotor Symptoms (Hot Flashes, flushes and night sweats)Thought to be a possible result of changes in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that regulates body temperature, hot flashes can cause flushing in the face and neck, an uncomfortable feeling of warmth, sweating and chills, and even increased heart rate. Night sweats occur when hot flashes happen at night and cause heavy perspiration.
Trouble sleepingAround the time of menopause, some women experience sleep disturbances.
Vaginal drynessDecreases in estrogen levels may cause thinning and drying of the tissues of the vulva and the lining of the vagina, a condition known as atrophy. Vaginal secretions can also diminish. These factors can make sexual intercourse uncomfortable or painful.
Mood swings and anxietyWomen undergoing perimenopause may experience these symptoms, along with feelings of depression. Also, as many as 43% of women complain of loss of energy during the menopause transition, and for two years postmenopause.2
OsteoporosisThis condition, in which your bones get thin and weak, can lead to loss of height and broken bones.
Changing feelings about sexSome women feel less aroused or interested, perhaps because sex is more physically uncomfortable. However, other women feel more in touch with their sexuality after menopause.
Other changesThese changes can range from forgetfulness to weight gain to joint pain. Experts have not concluded whether these kinds of changes are a result of menopause, or of aging
Evamist is indicated for the treatment of moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms due to menopause. Evamist is not indicated for the treatment of other menopause symptoms.
- G Ellis. Understanding what happens in menopause. Philadelphia Tribune, February 24, 2015:8A.
- The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, Seventh Edition. 2012. pp. 5-19.
- The National Women’s Health Information Center. Understanding menopause. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/menopause-basics/index.html#c. Accessed July 20, 2015.